文章摘要
左 强,杨世海,陈铭明,方凯杰.基于家用电器特性的居民用电行为优化研究[J].电力需求侧管理,2022,24(4):98-104
基于家用电器特性的居民用电行为优化研究
Optimization of residential electricity behavior based on the characteristics of household appliances
投稿时间:2022-04-10  修订日期:2022-05-08
DOI:10. 3969 / j. issn. 1009-1831. 2022. 04 . 016
中文关键词: 居民用电行为  优化  家用电器  用户舒适度
英文关键词: optimization  household appliances  residential electricity behavior  user comfort
基金项目:国网江苏省电力有限公司科技项目(J2020114)
作者单位
左 强 国网江苏省电力有限公司 营销服务中心南京 210000 
杨世海 国网江苏省电力有限公司 营销服务中心南京 210000 
陈铭明 国网江苏省电力有限公司 营销服务中心南京 210000 
方凯杰 国网江苏省电力有限公司 营销服务中心南京 210000 
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中文摘要:
      随着电力竞争市场的发展与完善,电网利益主体逐步走向多元化,用户主动参与电网互动的背景下,开展用户用电行为研究具有重要意义。提出了一种基于家用电器特性的居民用电行为优化模型,首先,开展了居民家用电器的用电特性分析,对用户用电设备的使用效用和可调度潜力进行了研究,实现了典型家庭响应能力的评估;然后建立了计及用户舒适度的居民家用电器综合管理优化模型,该模型以使用时间期待、使用效果期待和电费变动期待为优化目标,以家用电器的使用和调控存在时间为约束条件;最后,基于家庭典型案例进行了算例测试,结果验证了模型的经济性与有效性。
英文摘要:
      With the development and improvement of the electricity competition market, the interests of power grids have gradually diversified. Under the background of active participation of users in the grid, it is of great significance to conduct research on consumer power consumption behavior. an optimization algorithm is proposed for residential electricity consumption behavior based on the characteristics of household appliances. First, the analysis of the electricity consumption characteristics of household appliances was carried out, and the use utility and schedulable potential of consumer electrical equipment were studied to achieve an assessment of the typical household’s responsiveness. Then the household households considering user comfort were given. An optimization model for the comprehensive management of electrical appliances.This model uses time expectation, user effect expectation and electricity charge change expectation as constraints, and restricts the use of household appliances and the existence time of regulation.Finally, based on tests of actual examples, the method of this paperis verified effectiveness.
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